8 Top tips for buying second hand

You can get some great bargains if you go second-hand; two things are in its favour – the guitars are generally cheaper than new (unless it’s vintage of course!) and, being made of wood, the guitar, particularly an acoustic, will have mellowed and bedded in, making it sound even better. Against this will be the fact that it may have some signs of wear and tear – some players prefer this though!

To make sure you get the best guitar you can follow our eight top tips to purchasing second-hand:

  1. Play it
  2. Check the guitars’ history
  3. Tickled or thrashed?
  4. Overall condition
  5. Action and playability
  6. Intonation
  7. Plug it in
  8. Take your time

You may already have played the guitar that you want and, since a lot of guitar models/series have been in production for years you can probably compare new with used. Some models though are no longer available, like the Gibson Midtown Custom, so you will have to find one second hand. You may also find that the store you go to carries second hand stock and has what you want at a reduced price. If, for example, you are after a Fender USA Telecaster you should be able to find a good pre-owned model for between £600 and £850, compared with £1000plus new. Fender tend to tweak their model ranges every year so you will find 1 – 2 year old models coming onto the market on a regular basis, or even a ‘new’ last years’ model in the showroom at a reduction.

Sound Quality
However you have come across the guitar – through the internet, paper or by other means – make sure that you play it. Sound quality and playability are most important so listen carefully to its sound and get a feel for its playability.

History
Find out from the seller about the guitar, preferably before you go play it. Get them to tell you about its condition and whether any work has been done on it. A good seller will not have anything to hide and if they have owned the instrument from new they should be able to tell you everything about the instrument. If they are reluctant to do so, walk away.

Tickle or thrash
See how the seller treats the guitar whilst you are with them. This is a good indicator as to how they usually look after their guitars. If they take it slowly out of the case and hand it to you carefully, then you can pretty much guarantee it has been looked after. If not, beware!

Condition
Look at the overall condition of the guitar for scuffs and scratches. Check the mechanical parts and that the neck of the guitar is not out of shape or warped and that there are no cracks, particularly where it joins the body. On 12 string acoustics check the soundboard around the bridge to see if it has bowed out – this can happen on older and cheaper models due to the tension of the strings and cannot be repaired.

Action and playability
Check the action of the guitar. Make sure that the action suits your style of play – most electric guitars have a low action but blues players can prefer it slightly higher. If you spend a lot of time past the 12th fret the action will be critical. Check also the string gauge is correct for the guitar – heavier gauge strings need a higher action to prevent ‘buzzing’. If the strings do buzz the truss rod will need to be adjusted – check this is possible and that the original tools to do so are with the guitar.

Intonation
Check the intonation of the strings. Play notes all along the neck to ensure that it is tuned over the entire fretboard, paying particular attention to the open string notes and their equivalent notes at the 12th fret. On an electric guitar the intonation can be adjusted so make sure the bridge/saddles are in good condition and can be adjusted. Most acoustic guitars have a fixed saddle so need to be adjusted by a specialist.

Plug it in!
If you are choosing an electric guitar you definitely need to plug it into an amp (preferably yours or one similar) to make sure that it all works. Check that the pickups and control switches work correctly and that a clean sound is produced with no/limited background hum. Rotate the volume and tone pots to ensure they work.

Take your time
Since buying a guitar can be a big investment, take your time; if it takes months to find ‘the one’ so be it. Don’t just buy the first one you try out if you are not sure – walk away. If you know the model and make you are after there will be plenty more out there so keep looking until you find ‘it’.